Cinco de Mayo is not the leading holiday for people of Mexican descent. It commemorates the 1862 battle of Puebla, Mexico, in which French troops were driven back by an army of Mexican veterans and farmers. Mexican Gen. Ignacio Zaragoza, addressed his troops, “Your enemies are the first-rate soldiers of the world; but you are the sons of Mexico, and they are here to take your country.” It was a great battle, but the real holiday of independence is September 16.
This information was gleaned from articles in SIRS, available from http://gowyld.net/students.html through the Wyoming Library Database — a great resource for students of all ages. Use your library card and PIN to access. (Default PIN is wyld unless you have changed it.)
Osio Jr., Patrick. “Cinco de Mayo – A Great Battle, A Great Victory.” Hispanicvista.com. 02 May 2003: n.p. SIRS Renaissance. Web. 04 May 2015.
Kim, Eun-Kyung. “Cinco de Mayo’s History Often Misunderstood in America.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch (St. Louis, MO). 03 May 2004: n.p. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 04 May 2015.